Using XmlRpcBeans in you API

What are XmlRpcBeans??

Sometimes parameter conversion is a straight-forward task which can be handed over to the XML-RPC runtime system. When a java class fulfills certain conditions (roughly, being a java bean with compatible types) it can be turned into a XmlRpcBean by annotating it with the @XmlRpcBean annotation. It then can be used in every XML-RPC call without restriction.

A XmlRpcBean must have

  • a public constructor taking no arguments
  • like a java bean: for each property which is supposed to be transported over XML-RPC there has to exist a public getter and setter method
  • each property type has to be a XML-RPC compliant type, that is, it has to have one of the following properties:
    • it is a standard XML-RPC type
    • it is annotated with a @XmlRpc annotation and defines proper conversion methods
    • a conversion mapping for that type is put at the XmlRpcBean (which then acts as an API itself)
    • it is an XmlRpcBean (that is, XmlRpcBeans can be nested)
    • it is a Collection, Map or array containing a type which is XML-RPC compliant

Technically, an XmlRpcBean is converted into a XML-RPC STRUCT. The field names of the transfered map are the property names derived from the bean class.

Lets look at an example XmlRpcBean (note that this bean also defines a converter mapping for type URL):

@ConverterMappings( @Mapping(type=URL.class,converter=URLConverter.class) )
public class CoffeeBean
    public URL getOrigin() { return mOrigin; }
    public void setOrigin( URL origin ) { mOrigin = origin; }

    public String getType() { return mType; }
    public void setType( String type ) { mType = type; }
    public String toString()
        return( "CoffeeBean(" + getType() + ") comming from '" + getOrigin() + "'" );

    private String mType;
    private URL mOrigin;

Client side

Again, the client has no restrictions using the bean class:

public interface Api
    Collection<CoffeeBean> getAllBeans();


Api remote_api = XmlRpc.createClient( Api.class, "handlerId", host, port );

Collection<CoffeeBean> beans = remote_api.getAllBeans();

for( CoffeeBeans b: beans )
    System.out.println( "Bean of type " + b.getType() + " comes from " + b.getOrigin() );

See also How to use own types in Collections an Maps.

Examples in source code:

Last modified 17 years ago Last modified on 05/08/07 10:12:56